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Sustainable Development of SIDS; Conclusions

To balance the Ps (Planet, People, Profit) in the three domains (Government, NGOs and Market) and to resolve the wicked problem of climate change, wisdom is required. Wisdom is action that not only benefits the actor taking the action (Me) but also benefits others (We). As with people, organizations need to become sage as well. The central issue is about efficiency, effectiveness, explicability and ethics. Also, wise government is required (Goede, 2011). This is related to knowledge democracy. The concept of a knowledge democracy is meant to enable a new focus on the relationships between knowledge production and dissemination, the functioning of the media and our democratic institutions.

There is still a lack of vertical integration and that leads to lack of coherence betweenall actors, in all spheres and all levels. (Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, 2011).   The question is how must we respond to these problems?  What have we learned from the past 20 years going to Rio+20? There still is this gap between intentions and actions. A transdisciplinary approach is required. Scientist and practitioners need to collaborate. Transgovernance is based on Knowledge Democracy (KD).  It is about the complex interrelationship of politics, media and science.  It also about complex reflexive social systems. Centralized and legal arrangement are not the most effective.  A global network of corporate citizen is also necessary (In ‘t Veld, 2011).

Developments are glocal (global and local).  National government is being hollowed. The nation state must redefine itself.  Regional and global governance is not sufficient developed (In ‘t Veld, 2011). 

“The urgent challenge of climate change poses a critical test for modern democracy and rules based international politics. Democracies need to shift from loose policy commitments to real and binding action. Yet, there are enormous collective action problems in combating climate change. Can democratic systems evolve to confront the challenge? At global governance level there has sofar been a failure to generate a sound and effective international frameworkfor managing global climate change, whilst at state level solutions are weak and struggle to transcend the normal push and pull of partisan politics.

“One possible step ahead would be to produce a document such as “Global Principles of Climate Change Governance”,which would be an internationally agreed code of good governance on climate change approved by governments. These “Global Principles of Climate ChangeGovernance” could focus on the national and local level and are intended to provide direct assistance and guidance to governments in improving thepolitical, legal, institutional and regulatory framework that underpins CCG.They may also provide practical guidance and suggestions for non-government bodies, donors and other parties that may play a role in the process of developing CCG. However, in order that it yields the expected benefits, the effective implementationand enforcement of CCG require that laws and regulations are designed in a way that makes them possible to implement and enforce in an efficient and credible fashion by both industrialised and developing countries. There is also a need to cater for.

It is clear that, bearing in mind thecomplexity of the problems caused by and associated with climate change, CCG may help to bring people together, both not only within nations but also around the world, to build partnerships and share ways to promote participation, accountability andeffectiveness in tackling the challenges posed by climate change at all levels.” (Leal Filho, 2010)

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